Posts Tagged ‘skin cells’

Ah autumn! (And Acne?)

Crisp air, warm fireplaces, beautiful foliage, acne breakouts……Yes, fall is the season of acne flares.  The cooler, drier weather pulls moisture from the surface of the skin.  Oils become a little more viscous and sluggish when moving up through the pores.  The result is more dead skin cells on the surface and more plugged pores below; not a good combination for those of us who are prone to acne.

I would like to share some tips for curbing the willingness of our skin to misbehave in the cooler weather.

#1—Don’t over-dry your skin.  I know the tendency is to use harsher, drying acne formulations when our skin is breaking out.  But don’t!  This only increases the amount of dry skin cells on the surface.  Your skin senses dehydration and produces even more oil which promotes bacterial activity.  Use low foaming or even lotion cleansers.

#2–Exfoliate but don’t traumatize your skin.  Use smooth, round exfoliating beads rather than sharp, ground seed pods (like apricot shells.)  Use salicylic-acid products to promote gentle cell by cell exfoliation without over-drying your skin.  Now would also be the time to get a professional facial that includes a mild chemical peel.

#3—Moisturize your skin.   Use a light moisturizing lotion for daytime and a heavier, more emollient moisturizer at night.  Apply the moisturizer after cleaning your face while the skin is still damp to seal in precious moisture.  I prefer to skip the moisturizers that have alpha-hydroxy acids in them; instead I prefer to use cleansers that have salicylic or alpha-hydroxy acids (that are then rinsed off.)

#4—Spot treat with formulations that contain salicylic acid rather than benzoyl peroxide.  Salicylic acid penetrates the spot without over-drying your skin the way BP can.

If you are still struggling with unresolved complexion issues please give us a call (509)290-6149 for other treatments, including prescription solutions.  Consultations are always complimentary.  At Rejuvenate Rx we love working with you to clear up acne and promote beautiful healthy skin.

Enjoy every season!

–Dr. Gwyn

Break the Acne Cycle

Acne breakouts are caused by blocked pores (follicles.)  We don’t know all the reasons that the follicles become obstructed, but when they do oil that is produced in oil glands cannot exit the pores to moisturize the skin effectively.  Instead, the sebum (oil) along with skin cells along the pore becomes trapped.  The combination forms a sticky plug which effectively traps bacteria in the pore where they multiply and cause inflammation.

One of the most effective treatments for acne, used alone or in combination with other therapies is chemical peels.

At Rejuvenate Rx, we specialize in both chemical peels and other acne treatments.  If you have been frustrated by acne we would love to help you.  Call (509) 290-6149 to learn more.  –Dr. Gwyn

 

Chemical Peels, the Unsung Heroes in Skin Rejuvenation

They may have fallen off the radar screens among those sexy sounding laser procedures for skin anti-aging techniques;   but the simple truth behind the power of chemical peels is “They work.”

Chemical Peels have been clinically shown to build collagen and elastin in the dermis of the skin.  The dermis is the layer of skin that “plumps from within.”  Chemical Peels also cause rapid exfoliation of millions of layers of dead skin cells and speed cellular turnover—hence the radiance and glowing complexion.  Over time, chemical peels are your best ally against hyperpigmentation and blotchiness, especially when specifically formulated with anti-pigmentation ingredients.   Acne is another condition that benefits greatly from clinical chemical peels.

An even nicer truth about certain chemical peels such as SkinCeuticals MicroPeels TM is that they leave your skin smooth, hydrated and glowing.  There is no down time.  There is no redness or flaking.

Last, but not least:  The cost of a series of MicroPeels is much less than a single laser treatment and certainly less than a series of laser treatments.

If you would like to know more about our anti-aging treatments at Rejuvenate Rx, please call us at (509)290-6149.  –Dr. Gwyn

 

Exfoliation Exposed

We are always eager to increase the turnover and sloughing of dull skin cells that are sitting on our skin’s surface.  There are right ways and wrong ways to attempt to do this.

Mechanical exfoliants such as scrubs and exfoliating “gadgets” can provide exfoliation, however if the superficial skin cells are too adherent to the surface, you will end up disrupting the skin’s barrier, leading to moisture loss and further exacerbation of your rough or dry skin condition. Worse, if you use scrubs made of shells, seeds or other “non-smooth” substances you add scratches and abrasions to the mix of already unhappy skin.

Your best bet is to seek consultation with a skin care specialist who can evaluate your skin type and condition to develop a program of clinical and home-based skin care solutions.  Give us a call if you would like to know more. 

–Dr. Gwyn @ Rejuvenate Rx 509-290-6149

Skin of Color – A tasty twist on sun protection

Interesting article on how foods can help protect our skin from sun damage—Dr. Gwyn

Skin of Color

Skin of Color – A tasty twist on sun protection

May 17, 2013

By: NAISSAN WESLEY, M.D., Skin & Allergy News Digital Network

Major finding: Key numerical finding (e.g., number needed to treat to prevent one death/event; number lived or died as result of intervention). Data source: Include type of study (e.g., randomized, placebo controlled trial; retrospective case-control study).

Disclosures: Sponsor of study, funding source, relevant disclosures. If author has no relevant disclosures, “Dr. X reported having no financial disclosures.” If necessary, “Meeting Y did not require reports of financial disclosures.”

In an effort to improve sun protection and curb skin cancer, dermatologists are doing a better job of educating patients of all skin types about the consequences of UV damage. Sunscreen manufacturers also continue to develop more elegant formulations of both chemical and physical blockers that do not leave a whitish hue on darker skin.

But what about some other, lesser-known innovative ways we can protect ourselves without looking chalky?

Just in time for summer, here’s some food for thought.

Strawberries, as well as other darker-colored berries, are known to contain polyphenols that are antioxidants. Researchers in Italy and Spain tested a strawberry extract on cultured human fibroblasts to see whether there was a photoprotective effect. They added strawberry extract in different concentrations (0.05, 0.25, and 0.5 mg/mL) to all but the control group. They then exposed the samples to a dose of UV light “equivalent to 90 minutes of midday summer sun in the French Riviera,” said lead investigator Maurizio Battino. Strawberry extract, especially at a concentration of 0.5 mg/mL, provided UVA protection, and not only boosted cell survival and viability, but also minimized DNA damage, compared with the effects on control cells (J. Agric. Food Chem. 2012;60:2322-70). Perhaps there will be topical sunscreens that contain strawberry extract in the future.

Other foods high in antioxidants that have been considered to have potential sun-protective benefits include bell peppers (red, yellow, green) and yellow squash (high in carotenoids); tomatoes and watermelon (high in lycopene); dark berries such as blueberries, acai, blackberries, and cranberries (rich in anthocyanin); turmeric root (curcumin); pomegranate (ellagic acid); green and black tea (catechins); dark cocoa (flavenols); green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale (xanthophylls, oxygenated carotenoids); and fish such as mackerel, salmon, trout, herring, and sardines (omega-3 fatty acids).

Of course, just because certain foods have protective benefits does not mean we can advise patients to eat some fruits and veggies and then go lie in the sun sans sunscreen. These foods are not a replacement for the more common methods of sun protection, but they certainly contribute to overall health and, by extension, to healthy skin of all types.

This column, “Skin of Color,” appears regularly in Skin & Allergy News, a publication of Frontline Medical Communications. Dr. Wesley practices dermatology in Beverly Hills, Calif. Scan the QR code to read this column online at skinandallergynews.com.

No More Hyperpigmentation Here!

Age spots, giant freckles and dark patches can be very frustrating for both patients and the skin specialist. One, because improvement takes time and two, if not done correctly, therapies such as laser and microdermabrasion can actually cause more hyperpigmentation.

Treating hyperpigmentation is a multifaceted process.  First, we must block or slow down the process of melanin production; second, we interfere with the delivery of melanin to skin cells and third, we break up the existing pigment clusters on the skin’s surfaces.

Vitamin C contributes to the first step of the treatment process along with antioxidant side-benefits. A pigment regulation medication comes next.  In the past, dermatologists used hydroquinone 4% to block pigment formation, however questions of long-term toxicity are now cause for concerns (and bans in Europe.)  I recommend SkinCeuticals Pigment Regulator which covers all three steps of the treatment process.  To augment the exfoliation process, retinols can be added to the treatment regimen if your skin tolerates them.  They contribute to the interruption of the melanin clusters and they accelerate epidermal cell turnover. Sun protection is the final, essential step in any treatment and prevention program for hyperpigmentation.

Topical, at-home treatments work gradually.  The process of hyperpigmentation occurred over many months and the time-frame for an at-home treatment is the same.  Be patient and persistent with your treatment program.  The good news with Pigment Regulator is that it can be used as a maintenance therapy year-round as part of your regular skin regimen if you are at high risk for hyperpigmentation.

Clinical epidermal peels in series can be very effective for most pigmentation issues.  Combined with home therapy, pigmentation can be improved greatly. We have peels specifically designed to treat hyperpigmentation at Rejuvenate Rx.

Call us if you would like to learn more!  Consultation is complimentary.  –Dr. Gwyn

The Destructive Duo: Blemishes and Aging

Many of us suffered through acne during our teen years with reassurances that the acne would “only be for a few more years.”   “It’ll go away soon dear,” was the advice we heard from our parents, family members and even our doctors.

For some of us, those reassuring words were true.  For others of us…..not so much.   For some reason we continue to be plagued with the acne scourge well past our teens, twenties and even into our thirties, forties and fifties.   Somewhere in our thirties and forties onward we also have to pay more attention to sun damage and other skin changes associated with aging.

SkinCeuticals Blemish and Age Defense serum is a novel acne treatment that pairs blemish therapy/prevention with the benefits of anti-aging properties.  The formulation has been shown to reduce sebum production, decrease the growth of P.acnes bacteria, minimize hyperpigmentation and fight inflammation.  It also promotes efficient and uniform exfoliation of dead skin cells, and thus keeps pores clear and complexion bright.  In fact, in a recent head-to- head study published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology in June 2012 Blemish and Age Defense out performed a popular prescription acne therapy.  Blemish and Age Defense  is a great therapy for teenagers as well; after all, it’s never too early to prevent skin damage!

For more information, call us or visit our website at Rejuvenate-Rx.com   –Dr. Gwyn